Florida Foot Specialists

Florida Foot Specialists main logo
Office Locations

Boca Raton: (561) 447-7571   |   Okeechobee: (863) 357-1166   |   Clewiston: (863) 983-0307

Seminole: (727) 398-6650 | Pasadena: (727) 398-6650 | Largo: (727) 398-6650

photo of Dr. Shariff's female patient tying her gray shoe.

Are Heel Spurs Hereditary? Let’s Find Out!

Heel spurs can be a real pain in the foot! If you’re one of the millions of people who’ve experienced this uncomfortable condition, you might be wondering if it runs in your family. Well, look no further!

We’re about to dive into the hereditary aspect of heel spurs and give you the lowdown on this common foot ailment.

What Are Heel Spurs?

Heel spurs are bony growths that form on the underside of the heel bone. They usually develop over time and can cause discomfort, pain, and inflammation in the foot.

The pain is often described as a stabbing or aching sensation, particularly when walking or standing for long periods.

What Causes Heel Spurs?

Heel spurs typically develop due to long-term strain on the foot muscles and ligaments. Some common factors that contribute to the formation of heel spurs include:

  • Plantar fasciitis (inflammation of the tissue connecting the heel bone to the toes)
  • Excess body weight
  • Poorly fitting shoes
  • Wearing high heels
  • Injury to the heel area
  • Tight calf muscles
  • Flat feet or high arches
  • Abnormal walking patterns
  • Aging
  • A lack of stretching and strengthening exercises for the feet and legs.
  • Overuse of the feet, such as from running or jumping on hard surfaces

If any of these conditions are present in an individual, they should take preventive measures to reduce their risk of developing heel spurs. This includes wearing supportive footwear, maintaining a healthy weight, and stretching regularly.

Additionally, individuals who participate in high-impact activities should take extra precautions to prevent heel spurs from forming.

It is important to note that heel spurs are not always painful and may only be detected through x-rays or other imaging techniques. If pain does occur, medical treatment and rest are usually recommended. Treatment may involve medications or steroid injections, physical therapy, immobilization of the affected area in a brace or cast, and even surgery in some cases.

If heel spurs are detected early on, lifestyle changes can help to prevent them from worsening. However, in more severe cases where pain is present, medical intervention is necessary to provide relief and treat the underlying cause.

By understanding the factors that can lead to heel spurs, individuals can take steps to reduce their risk of developing this condition. With proper prevention, treatment, and care, it is possible for individuals to minimize their chances of developing painful heel spurs.

Are Heel Spurs Hereditary?

Now, let’s get to the million-dollar question: are heel spurs hereditary? While there’s no definitive answer, some studies suggest that there may be a genetic predisposition to developing heel spurs.

Here’s what we know:

  • There might be a connection between genes and heel spurs, but it’s not fully understood.
  • Some people have a higher risk of developing heel spurs due to their foot shape and structure, which can be passed down through generations.
  • Heredity plays a role in other factors that contribute to heel spurs, such as flat feet, plantar fasciitis or high arches.

The bottom line? While genetics might play a part in your risk for heel spurs, they aren’t the sole cause. Environmental factors and lifestyle choices have a significant impact on whether or not you’ll develop this painful condition.

So while we still don’t know exactly what causes heel spurs, it’s important to be aware of your family history and the potential for increased risk of developing this condition. If you have any concerns about your own health or that of a family member, consider speaking to your doctor.

When To Consult A Podiatrist

While many people with heel spurs can find relief using at-home remedies and self-care, there are times when it’s necessary to consult a medical professional. Here’s when you should consider making an appointment:

Persistent Pain

If you’ve tried at-home treatments for a couple of weeks, and the pain persists or worsens, it’s time to consult a doctor. They can help identify the underlying cause and suggest more targeted treatment options.

Limited Mobility

If heel spurs are affecting your ability to walk, stand, or participate in your daily activities, it’s crucial to seek medical advice. Delaying treatment could lead to further complications or chronic pain.

Swelling and Inflammation

If you notice excessive swelling, redness, or inflammation around the heel, you should consult a doctor, as this could indicate an infection or a more severe issue.

Inadequate Response to Over-the-Counter Medication

If over-the-counter pain relievers aren’t providing relief, it’s essential to speak with a healthcare professional. They can evaluate your condition and may recommend stronger prescription medications or alternative treatments.

What to Expect During a Consultation

During a consultation for heel spurs, your doctor will:

  1. Review your medical history: They’ll ask about any previous injuries, illnesses, or conditions that could contribute to your heel spurs.
  2. Discuss your symptoms: Be prepared to explain the severity, frequency, and duration of your pain, as well as any treatments you’ve already tried.
  3. Examine your foot: The doctor will physically examine your foot to identify any visible signs of inflammation, swelling, or structural abnormalities.
  4. Perform diagnostic tests: In some cases, your doctor may order imaging tests, such as X-rays, to get a better understanding of the issue and rule out other possible causes.

Based on the results of your consultation, your doctor will recommend an appropriate treatment plan tailored to your specific needs. Remember, early intervention is key to preventing long-term complications and ensuring a faster recovery.

5 Treatment Options For Heel Spurs

If you’re already dealing with heel spurs, don’t worry! There are several treatment options available to help you manage the pain and discomfort. Let’s explore some of the most effective remedies:

1. Ice Packs

Applying an ice pack to the affected area can help reduce inflammation and provide relief from pain. Be sure to wrap the ice pack in a thin towel to protect your skin, and apply it for 15-20 minutes several times a day.

2. Pain Relievers

Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, can be helpful in managing the pain associated with heel spurs. Always follow the recommended dosage and consult your doctor if the pain persists.

3. Shoe Inserts

Orthotic shoe inserts can provide additional cushioning and support, helping to alleviate pressure on the heel. Custom-made orthotics designed by a podiatrist may offer even better results for some individuals.

4. Physical Therapy

Physical therapists can guide you through specific exercises and stretches to strengthen the muscles and ligaments in your feet, improving flexibility and reducing pain caused by heel spurs. They may also recommend other treatments, such as ultrasound therapy or extracorporeal shock wave therapy, depending on your specific situation.

5. Surgery

In rare cases where conservative treatments have not been effective, surgery may be recommended to remove the heel spur or release the tension in the plantar fascia.

Surgery is typically considered a last resort, as it comes with potential risks and complications.

Remember, it’s always best to consult with a medical professional before starting any new treatment.

They can help you determine the most appropriate course of action based on your specific condition and medical history.

Reducing Your Risk for Heel Spurs

Regardless of your genetic predisposition, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk for heel spurs:

  1. Maintain a healthy weight: Excess body weight puts more strain on your feet, increasing the likelihood of developing heel spurs.
  2. Wear proper footwear: Choose shoes with good arch support and cushioning to reduce pressure on your heel. Consider soft silicone heel pads or orthotics.
  3. Stretch and exercise: Regularly stretching your feet and calf muscles can help alleviate tension and prevent inflammation.
  4. Rest: Give your feet a break, especially if you’re on your feet for long periods or participate in high-impact activities. In other words, pace your activities throughout the day.
  5. See a podiatrist: If you experience persistent pain, make an appointment with a doctor to assess the cause.

By taking these steps, you can reduce your risk for heel spurs and ensure that they don’t become a long-term issue. Even if you do suspect that you have heel spurs, it’s important to take preventive measures before the condition becomes worse.

Conclusion

To sum it up, while there’s a chance that heel spurs might have a hereditary component, it’s not the only factor at play. A combination of genetics, lifestyle choices, and environmental factors contribute to the development of this painful condition.

By taking preventive measures like maintaining a healthy weight, wearing proper footwear, and practicing regular stretches and exercises, you can significantly reduce your risk of developing heel spurs.

So, even if your family members have experienced heel spurs, don’t lose hope! With the right care and attention, you can keep your feet happy, healthy, and spur-free.

Remember, knowledge is power, and now that you’re informed, you can take the necessary steps to keep your feet in tip-top shape!